Yassin, Sheikh Ahmed Ismail

(1934-2004)
   An Islamic scholar, he was a founder of the Gaza wing of the Egyptian-based Muslim Brotherhood. Born in Ashkelon, he became a quadriplegic and was nearly blind due to serious illness at a young age. In 1984, he was sentenced to 13 years in Israeli prison for possession of arms but was released a year later as part of an exchange in which six Israeli soldiers captured in Lebanon were traded for 1,000 Palestinian security prisoners.
   Yassin was the principal founder of the Islamic Resistance Movement (Hamas) on 14 December 1987, only days after the start of the Palestinian intifada. In 1989, he was sentenced to a life term in prison for issuing orders to kidnap and kill four Israeli soldiers. He was released to Jordan on 1 October 1997 in the aftermath of the Mashaal affair and was subsequently permitted to return to his home in Gaza. There, he continued to inspire Hamas's political and military resistance against Israel; he also was openly critical of the Oslo Accords and Yasser Arafat's administration of areas of the West Bank and Gaza transferred to Palestinian control. Yassin was killed by Israeli forces on 22 March 2004.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

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  • Sheikh Ahmed Yassin — Ahmed Yassine Ahmed Yassine, né à la fin des années 1930, était le fondateur et le dirigeant spirituel du Hamas. Il est mort assassiné[1] dans une attaque israélienne, le 22 mars 2004. Presque aveugle, il était tétraplégique et se… …   Wikipédia en Français

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